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One unique feature of self-actualization is that it looks different for everyone. For one person, self-actualization might involve helping others; for another person, it might involve achievements in an artistic or creative field.
Essentially, self-actualization means feeling that we are doing what we feel we are meant to do. According to Maslow, achieving self-actualization is relatively rare , and his examples of famous self-actualized individuals include Abraham Lincoln , Albert Einstein , and Mother Teresa. Maslow postulated that there were several prerequisites to meeting these needs. However, Maslow believed that having these things makes it easier for people to achieve their needs. In addition to these needs, Maslow also believed that we have a need to learn new information and to better understand the world around us.
This is partially because learning more about our environment helps us meet our other needs; for example, learning more about the world can help us feel safer, and developing a better understanding of a topic one is passionate about can contribute to self-actualization. However, Maslow also believed that this call to understand the world around us is an innate need as well. Although Maslow presented his needs in a hierarchy, he also acknowledged that meeting each need is not an all-or-nothing phenomenon.
Maslow suggests that, at any given time, most people tend to have each of their needs partly met—and that needs lower on the hierarchy are typically the ones that people have made the most progress towards. Additionally, Maslow pointed out that one behavior might meet two or more needs.
For example, sharing a meal with someone meets the physiological need for food, but it might also meet the need of belonging. Similarly, working as a paid caregiver would provide someone with income which allows them to pay for food and shelter , but can also provide them a sense of social connection and fulfillment. In a study of human needs across cultures, researchers Louis Tay and Ed Diener looked at data from over 60, participants in over different countries.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs (video) | Khan Academy
Growth Needs The highest level is self-actualization, or the self-fulfillment. References Maslow, A. A theory of human motivation. Psychological review,50 4 , Maslow, A. Motivation and personality Vol. McReynolds Eds. Toward a psychology of being.
True freedom is a luxury of the mind. Find out why.
But they can only be fulfilled when our physiological needs are fulfilled. So we call these two levels the basic levels. Now, he went on to name a third level, and this is our level of love, our need for love, our need to belong, our need to have friends and family. So this level of needs is what we call our social needs. The fourth level is our need for esteem, self-esteem.
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So we like to feel confident and have a sense of achievement in what we do. So this level is called our level of respect. We like to gain respect from others when we reach this level. And the last level is called self-actualization. It's a big word, but it's basically our need for wanting morality, a sense of morality, a need for acceptance and also creativity.
So we call this our full potential.